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EU Referendum: Q&A


The United Kingdom has decided to leave the European Union as a result of the EU referendum held on the 23rd of June.

The result of the referendum does not change anything overnight for Estonia citizens who are staying in or planning to travel to the UK.

Here is also a statement by the UK Cabinet Office, Home Office and Foreign & Commonwealth Office: there has been no change to the rights and status of EU nationals in the UK, and UK nationals in the EU, as a result of the referendum. Read more:

What is the status of Estonian citizens in the UK after the EU referendum? What will change for the Estonian citizens living, studying and working in the UK after the referendum?
At the moment the status of the Estonian citizens is the same as before the EU referendum held on the 23rd of June. The UK will have to start working its way out from the European Union. The negotiations will take time. The minimum time is two years. Until the negotiation process has not been finished the UK will remain a member of the EU. So there will be no changes in the legal status of the Estonian citizens living, studying and working in the UK at the moment.

How large is the Estonian community in the UK

We estimate that there are around 15000 Estonian citizens living in the UK

Who has the right to apply for and Estonian passport and how to do it?

Who can apply:
  • If you are a native-born citizen
  • If your parents or one of your parent is/was Estonian citizens
  • If you can prove that one of your ancestor was an Estonian citizen

What is needed for the application process:

You can apply for an Estonian passport at the Estonian Embassy in London. You have to book an appointment beforehand:
Additional info:

Can Estonian citizen have both an Estonian passport and a British passport?

If you are an Estonian citizen by birth then your Estonian citizenship cannot be taken away from you.

Will I be able to travel to Estonia and back to the UK with an Estonian identity card?

As the UK is still part of the EU then at the moment you can travel to Estonian and back to the UK with an Estonian identity card.

I am an UK citizen interested in moving to Estonia. What should I do?

More info is available on this webpage:
You can also read the handbook „Relocation Guide“

I am an UK citizen interested in becoming an Estonian citizen. What should I do?

To obtain Estonian citizenship, the person must take examinations on the official language (Estonian), the Estonian Constitution and the Citizenship Act. The official language examination does not have to be taken by those who have acquired basic, secondary or higher education in Estonian.

Foreign nationals who wish to obtain Estonian citizenship are required to:

  • be at least 15 years of age
  • hold a permanent residence permit or permanent right of residence (if located in Estonia before July 1st 1990)
  • be living in Estonia at least 8 years (out of which 5 permanently) on the ground
  • be proficient in Estonian at a level necessary for everyday situations
  • know the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia and the Citizenship Act
  • hold a stable legal income that is enough for him or her and his or her dependents to live on
  • have a registered residence in Estonia
  • be loyal to the Estonian state
  • swear an oath: “In applying for Estonian citizenship, I vow to be loyal to the constitutional order of Estonia.”
More info:

I am interested in Estonian e-residency?
Check out this page: and apply for it online.


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